All portions of the manuscript must be typed 1.5 lines spaced and all pages numbered starting from the title page.
1. TEXT AND TYPE AREA (Margins)
This one basic requirement must be adhered to:
Type area on a page is standard A4 ( 8.5'' x 11''). All text should be fully justified. Margins for this type area: top 1.2'', bottom 0.6'' left 0.8'', right 0.6''
2. TITLES FORMAT
Title page is generally a separate page and comes before the text of the manuscript. It should include following details in the given format & sequence:
Type the Title of Paper
First Author1, Second Author2,
1. Department, Name of College / Institution / Organization, State, Country Email address
2. Department, Name of College / Institution / Organization, State, Country Email address
Your chapter should begin with a brief Abstract and keywords.
Paper Title, Author Names/Affiliations, Abstract and Keywords should be in single column format followed by the rest of the paper in Single column format.
Text type should be 10 point Times Roman. Text should be 1.5 lines spaced. First line of all paragraphs should be indented and there should be one line gap between consecutive paragraphs. Maximum number of pages should not exceed 10 pages.
4. HEADS / SUB HEADS
Levels of subheads should be easily distinguishable from each other with the use of numbers. There should be one line spaces before each subhead and one line space after each subhead.
Examples of Subhead Style:
l. FIRST LEVEL HEAD
(11 point bold, upper case, numbered )
1.1. Second Level Subhead
(10 point bold, first letter capital case, numbered)
1.1.1. Third level subhead
(10 point bold, lower case, flush left)
Use FIRST LEVEL SUBHEAD for section headings.
1. ORDER OF THE CONTENT
The order of the content must be as per following sequence;
1. Title Page with Authors details (Including emails and affiliations)
2. Abstract & Keywords
4. Methods, if applicable / any
5. Results, if applicable / any
7.Acknowledgements, if applicable / any
9. Appendices (if applicable / any)
The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the
authors' full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and e-mail information.
The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. The abstract should be 100 to 200 words in length. Complete sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited.
Provide 4 to 7 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes. Keywords should not repeat the words of the manuscript title or contain abbreviations and shall be written in alphabetical order as separated by semicolon. Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter through the text.
The Introduction should state the purpose of the investigation and identify clearly the gap of knowledge that will be filled in the Literature review study. Date and location of the research carried out throughout the study must be mentioned at the end of this section.
This section should provide enough information to permit repetition of the experimental work. It should include clear descriptions and explanations of sampling procedures, experimental design, and essential sample characteristics and descriptive statistics, hypothesis tested, exact references to literature describing the tests used in the manuscript, number of data involved in statistical tests, etc.
The Results section should describe the outcome of the study. Data should be presented as concisely as possible - if appropriate in the form of tables or figures, although very large tables should be avoided. The discussion should be an interpretation of the results and their significance with reference to work by other authors. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the author(s)'s experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the results but should be put into the discussion section.
8 FIGURES (Line Art Drawings) AND TABLES
Figures and tables may appear printed directly in the text and should be black and white or grayscale. Figure should appear soon after the citation in the text or if it is too large at the end of the manuscript.
Legends/Captions for figures
Text type should be 9 point Times Roman italic (eg; Figure 1. Caption). A caption should be provided for each figure. The legend should be typed into the manuscript, directly beneath the figure. Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text. Legends are to be listed in numerical order, labeled as “Figure 1”, “Figure 2”, etc.
Indent tables slightly from the left margin, if it is necessary to use the full width of the page. Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph forms or repeated in the text.
Titles/Captions for tables
The table caption should be typed to the width of the table itself and typed above the table. Text type of table caption should be 9 point Times Roman italic (e.g., Table 1.Caption). Number the titles of the tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text. Be sure that each table caption is headed as “Table 1”, “Table 2”, etc. within each chapter.Both figures and tables must be cited in the text.
The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. The Results and Discussion sections can include subheadings, and when appropriate, both sections can be combined.
This section should highlight the major, firm discoveries, and state what the added value of the main finding is, without literature references.
Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full. Financial support affiliation of the study, if exists, must be mentioned in this section. Thereby, the Grant number of financial support must be included.
References text type should be 10 point (Times Roman). In the text, a reference identified by means of an author‘s name should be followed by the date of the reference in parentheses. When there are more than two authors, only the first author‘s name should be mentioned, followed by ’et al‘. In the event that an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like ’a‘ and ’b‘ after the date to distinguish the works.
Visser, W. (2006). Revisiting Carroll’s CSR Pyramid: An African Perspective, In E.R. Pedersen & M. Huniche (eds.), Corporate Citizenship in Developing Countries, Copenhagen: Copenhagen Business School Press, 29–56
For PhD Thesis:
Page, G. E. (1949). Factors influencing the maximum of air drying shelled corn in thin layer. M.Sc. Thesis, USA. Purdue University, Indiana
Article in a Journal:
Dr. Luay S. Al-Ansari (2012), " Calculating of Natural Frequency of Stepping Cantilever Beam", International Journal of Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering IJMME-IJENS, Vol.:12, No.:05, pp. 59-68
Cadbury. (2013). The Story. Retrieved March 2013, from Cadbury: http://www.cadbury.co.uk/the-story